Shortly after 1811, our Maddoxes departed South Carolina. This was around the same time that the neighboring Gaines family also departed their Carolina home. They might have left together. Benjamin Maddox (III) would rejoin the Gaines family some years later, after spending some time in Kentucky. Here’s a 1921 account of the Gaines trip from South Carolina, given by Judge Duane Gaines (Duane’s grandfather, Stephen Gaines, was the great-grandfather of John Napoleon Maddox‘s wife, Frances Gaines):
“Before I begin, I wish to introduce myself, as some of you may not know me. My name is GAINES, and I was born in the Devil’s Neck and went to school at Hell’s Half Acre. Hell’s Half Acre is a half mile east of Lick Skillet. Lick Skillet is on the Purgatory road and the Purgatory Road runs over the Devil’s Back Bone. All these are in the Town of Montgomery in the County of Crawford and State of Illinois. I may not look old enough to be on the program at an old settlers’ meeting, but I think, perhaps, that I am the
oldest man in the audience, except possibly the chairman, George N. Parker. I do not know his age but I have been in the county of Crawford 104 years – my father and I together. My father, JAMES GAINES, was born in North Carolina in 1811. His mother, before her marriage with grandfather, STEPHEN GAINES, was MARTHA WALDROP. In 1815 a small colony of WALDROPS, consisting of a half-dozen families, including my grandfather’s started from Carolina for what was then known as the Wabash country. They packed their small belongings consisting of a few bed clothes, wearing apparel, cooking
utensils and carpenters’ tools on horses. The women and children mounted and started on their long journey. The men and larger boys, laden with their rifles, powder horns, shot pouches, ammunition, hunting knives and other implements for killing, skinning and carving wild game, joined the
procession on foot. The men hunted and killed game for food as they travelled and the women cooked it when they camped for the night. They forded such streams as they could and such as they could not ford they crossed on barges made of timber growing on the banks. Their progress was necessarily slow and tiresome.
“When they arrived at a point in Kentucky where winter was coming upon them they stopped and remained one year, then took up their journey again and arrived at Palestine in 1817. All the WALDROPS and their blood relations now in this county are descendants of the members of that company of early settlers, and relatives of mine. My father had a cousin named TOD WALDROP,
who was a son of one of that company who was so shiftless that he made no attempt to provide for his own wants, and was almost too “bashful” to go to a meal when it was prepared for him. for some reason which I never quite understood, when I was a boy on the farm my father nicknamed me Tod……
“The early settlers had many hardships and inconveniences. Their implements and tools of all kinds were homemade and almost entirely of wood. Even the plows were of wood except the shares. For a number of years they had no wagons, buggies or other wheeled vehicles. When they had occasion to
transport anything they carried it or took it on horseback, and it too bulky or too heavy for a horse they hauled it on a sled whether in winter or summer. But in time a wagon maker came to Palestine. When one of these pioneer farmers bought his first wagon with wooden spindles, linch pins and
a plain box for a bed, and hitched his plug team of horses to it, placed a clapboard across the bed for a seat, got on one end of the board with his good wife on the other and the youngest child between them, and all the rest, residue and remainder of the dozen or more children in the back, and
the tar bucket hung on the coupling pole and the old yaller dog under the wagon, and he cracked his whip and started that plug team across the Grand Prairie to visit friends and relatives on Dogwood, he was filled with as much emotion and elated with as much joy as the present business man who
gets in his auto with his wife at his side and their only one child between them turns on the power, presses his foot against the accelerator and dashes across the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Coast.
“Besides the disadvantages of having no schools and schoolhouses the pioneers had no churches. But nevertheless their religious training was not wholly neglected. Those who were members of churches in the states from which they came had their prayer meetings in their homes, and preachers occasionally came through and preached in their homes. The first of these were of the Hardshell Baptist persuasion. They taught that it was foreordained and predestined before the foundation of the world that certain of the human race were to be saved and certain others were to be lost, and that the
number was so definitely fixed that it could not be increased or diminished. But shortly the religious quiet of the elect so that they sent for a preacher to denounce the heretics and check their influence. A meeting was announced at one of their homes and when the hour arrived for the meeting to
assemble, all the men, women and children and dogs in the community were there. Only a small portion of the people could get in the house and the remainder stood or sat where they found it most Convenient. One certain young man sat upon a board across the top of a rain barrel by the side of
the house. The preacher denounced and renounced the heretics and pounded and expounded the gospel for two hours until he got to the part where he was dividing the sheep from the goats. He had placed the sheep on the right hand in that blissful home and was proceeding to dispose of the goats on the left hand in that awful abyss of fire and brimstone and made the word picture so vivid that the young man on the barrel saw the awfulness of hell and not wishing to be cast on the left side made an unconscious nudge to the right and the board slipped and he fell into the barrel and was completely
immersed and came out a Campbellite.”
The Robinson Argus
Talk given at the Pioneer Association,
Held in Robinson, Sept. 20, 1921, by Duane Gaines
Transcribed by Sue Jones
The Maddox and Gaines families have a surprisingly strong bond going back centuries. We now have finer details about three Maddox/Gaines marriages, as shown in this attached Word file. While our Maddox line goes from Charles County, Maryland, to Abbeville and Laurens Counties, South Carolina, to Tennessee, to Kentucky and then to Crawford County, Illinois, we find that the Gaines line goes from Virginia to Abbeville and Lauren Counties, South Carolina, to Kentucky, and then to Crawford County, Illinois. Both families are notable for their strong participation in the Revolutionary War – especially “Hickory Dick” Gaines!
As the west opened to settlement, American families often moved together to establish new communities. This seems to have been the case with the Maddoxes and the Gaines family, among others. Of particular interest, in the late 18th century the Gaines family was in Abbeville, South Carolina, where they intermarried with Maddoxes and even buried their loved ones on Maddox sites. And then the Gaines family shows up again in Crawford County, Illinois, as the Maddoxes arrived there in the early- to mid-19th century to settle into their farms in the Palestine area. John Napoleon Maddox’s wife was Frances Gaines.
It’s interesting to see a familial relationship span centuries. We wonder how close the two families were, and if the presence of one of the families in Illinois drew the other family to settle there.
Here’s some raw data on the two families’ relations that need to be resolved:
A Gaines family researcher has John Broaddus Gaines – the son of Edmund Gaines (Edmund showed up in numerous Maddox wills in SC) – as a member of the Poplar Springs Baptist Church in Ware Shoals, and buried “at Maddox Mill,’brow of hill’ Saluda River, and 1/4 mile from his son William Balous, “Billy” Gaines mill.” Could some Maddoxes also have been buried at Maddox Mill or at the Poplar Springs Baptist Church? And what the heck is Maddox Mill?
Silas Henry Maddox or Henry Silas Maddox (23 Jan 1867 – 25 Nov 1930) married Janie Robbins Gaines on 16 Jan 1887 in South Carolina. Henry was the son of George W. Maddox who was the grandson of Henry Maddox, reportedly the son of Benjamin II. They lived in SC and he died in Norris, Pickens County, SC. In 1900, Henry lived next door to Augustine (Nov 1844) and Louise (Aug 1854) Maddox. He was buried in Zion Cemetery in Norris, SC on 26 Nov 1930. Ref: State of SC Certificate of Death #22397.
Robert Gaines, 1776 – 25 February 1864, born in Virginia and died in Pickens County, SC. Wife Frances apparently born in 1780 and died in 1859.
Rev. Barnett Smith Gaines, Robert’s son, 20 December 1820 – 31 December 1886, was born in Central, Pickens County, SC. His wife was Margaret B. Whitfield Gaines, also of Pickens County, SC. Ref: 1880 SC census and SC Certificate of Death of Jamie Gaines Maddox #19610.
Janie Robbins Gaines, Barnett’s daughter, was born on 25 June 1867 in Central, South Carolina. She married Silas Henry Maddox in 1887 and died on 6 December 1936 in Greenville, SC. Ref: SC Standard Certificate of Death #19610, dated 9 December 1936.
Colby Stevenson Maddox was born in Christian County, Kentucky on 24 February 1831, moved to Crawford County in 1850 and died in Illinois on10 January 1891. Colby had eleven children. One was Mary Louisa Maddox, born 15 July 1867 in Crawford County, Illinois.
Leander Francis Gaines, Stephen Gaines’s son, was born 1 February 1871 in Crawford County, Illinois, married Mary Louisa Maddox, Colby Stevenson’s daughter, on 9 August 1893 in Crawford County, Illinois. Leander died on 3 December 1946 and Mary Louisa died in 1960 in Crawford County, Illinois.
John Napoleon Maddox, 1872 – 1945, married Frances Gaines, 1878 – 1908, on 8 May 1895 in Crawford County, Illinois.
George Gaines b. approx 1821 in Crawford County, Illinois. 1850 census Franklin Precinct, Crawford County, Illinois shows George age 28 with wife Caroline, age 25 with John age 2. 1860 census Township 6, Range 10, Crawford County, Illinois shows George age 39 with wife Margaret age 28and John age 11. Interestingly, 1860 census shows George has a one year old son, Leander.
Frances Diana Gaines, 1895 – 1908, married John Napoleon in 1895. According to article written about John Napoleon Maddox, his wife Fanny’s brother was Asa Lackey who was Mrs. Elias Brashears father. Fannie Maddox’s birth certificate, dated 1879, says her mother was Ann Melvin. Fannie’s marriage certificate, dated 1895, says her mother was Ann Lackey.
Elias Brashear married Sarah Etta Lackey on 28 October 1895 in Crawford County, Illinois. 93,452 Sarah’s father was Asa Lackey, 10 September 1848 – 28 March 1934. Based upon dates, Frances Gaines brother had to be a Gaines. However, it might be possible that John Gaines’s wife’s brother might have been Asa Lackey since he did have a sister, Ann E. Lackey.
benjamin_maddox william_maddox benjamin_maddox_III benjamin_maddox_II abbeville abbeville_sc crawford_county crawford_county_illinois joseph_maddox cornelius_maddox georgia_maddoxes alabama_maddoxes i
One of the most confusing problems in our research has been a conflict of genealogical data in Abbeville, SC, during the lifetimes of Benjamin II and Benjamin III. Until last night, we had been confused by a few documents that indicate a Benjamin Maddox was present in the Abbeville area in circa-1810 and then moved south to Georgia and Alabama around the same time that we believe Benjamin III was moving from Abbeville to Tennessee, Kentucky and then Illinois.
We were concerned that we could have everything wrong – that our Benjamin (father of Joseph) might somehow have come from a totally different line of Maddoxes. It would have thrown our entire line into question.
But last night we had one of those “aha!” moments. We discovered that in fact there were at least three Benjamins living in the Abbeville, SC, area at the same time (around 1800-1810). There was Benjamin II, Benjamin III, and another – the “third Benjamin.” We discovered last night, thanks to a resurfaced narrative by the very thorough Joyce Smelley Odom, that the third Benjamin was the son of William (probable brother of Benjamin III). William and his sons, including the third Benjamin, along with the sons of Thomas and Henley Maddox, moved from the Abbeville area into Georgia and then Alabama. William Maddox’s 1867 will in Tuscaloosa lists Benjamin as a son.
Our Benjamin III’s move from South Carolina to TN/KY/IL is proven through census data and property records – a breadcrumb trail through TN and KY, ending in Crawford County, IL. Equally interesting is the circumstantial evidence showing that the McKee, Knight, Long and Ware families moved with him from SC to KY, and that he rejoined his former SC neighbors, the Gaines family, who had moved from SC to IL.
Besides relieving us of a possible inaccuracy, this new resolution of data makes one very important thing possible. The Maddox lineage claimed by maddoxgenealogy.com and maddoxdna.com can coexist logically with our Benjamin II – Benjamin III – Joseph lineage. So everyone is happy.