Gaines Benjamin_Maddox John_Napoleon_Maddox Frances_Gaines Edmund_Gaines Abbeville_SC Crawford County_Illinois
As the west opened to settlement, American families often moved together to establish new communities. This seems to have been the case with the Maddoxes and the Gaines family, among others. Of particular interest, in the late 18th century the Gaines family was in Abbeville, South Carolina, where they intermarried with Maddoxes and even buried their loved ones on Maddox sites. And then the Gaines family shows up again in Crawford County, Illinois, as the Maddoxes arrived there in the early- to mid-19th century to settle into their farms in the Palestine area. John Napoleon Maddox’s wife was Frances Gaines.
It’s interesting to see a familial relationship span centuries. We wonder how close the two families were, and if the presence of one of the families in Illinois drew the other family to settle there.
Here’s some raw data on the two families’ relations that need to be resolved:
A Gaines family researcher has John Broaddus Gaines – the son of Edmund Gaines (Edmund showed up in numerous Maddox wills in SC) – as a member of the Poplar Springs Baptist Church in Ware Shoals, and buried “at Maddox Mill,’brow of hill’ Saluda River, and 1/4 mile from his son William Balous, “Billy” Gaines mill.” Could some Maddoxes also have been buried at Maddox Mill or at the Poplar Springs Baptist Church? And what the heck is Maddox Mill?
Silas Henry Maddox or Henry Silas Maddox (23 Jan 1867 – 25 Nov 1930) married Janie Robbins Gaines on 16 Jan 1887 in South Carolina. Henry was the son of George W. Maddox who was the grandson of Henry Maddox, reportedly the son of Benjamin II. They lived in SC and he died in Norris, Pickens County, SC. In 1900, Henry lived next door to Augustine (Nov 1844) and Louise (Aug 1854) Maddox. He was buried in Zion Cemetery in Norris, SC on 26 Nov 1930. Ref: State of SC Certificate of Death #22397.
Robert Gaines, 1776 – 25 February 1864, born in Virginia and died in Pickens County, SC. Wife Frances apparently born in 1780 and died in 1859.
Rev. Barnett Smith Gaines, Robert’s son, 20 December 1820 – 31 December 1886, was born in Central, Pickens County, SC. His wife was Margaret B. Whitfield Gaines, also of Pickens County, SC. Ref: 1880 SC census and SC Certificate of Death of Jamie Gaines Maddox #19610.
Janie Robbins Gaines, Barnett’s daughter, was born on 25 June 1867 in Central, South Carolina. She married Silas Henry Maddox in 1887 and died on 6 December 1936 in Greenville, SC. Ref: SC Standard Certificate of Death #19610, dated 9 December 1936.
Colby Stevenson Maddox was born in Christian County, Kentucky on 24 February 1831, moved to Crawford County in 1850 and died in Illinois on10 January 1891. Colby had eleven children. One was Mary Louisa Maddox, born 15 July 1867 in Crawford County, Illinois.
Leander Francis Gaines, Stephen Gaines’s son, was born 1 February 1871 in Crawford County, Illinois, married Mary Louisa Maddox, Colby Stevenson’s daughter, on 9 August 1893 in Crawford County, Illinois. Leander died on 3 December 1946 and Mary Louisa died in 1960 in Crawford County, Illinois.
John Napoleon Maddox, 1872 – 1945, married Frances Gaines, 1878 – 1908, on 8 May 1895 in Crawford County, Illinois.
George Gaines b. approx 1821 in Crawford County, Illinois. 1850 census Franklin Precinct, Crawford County, Illinois shows George age 28 with wife Caroline, age 25 with John age 2. 1860 census Township 6, Range 10, Crawford County, Illinois shows George age 39 with wife Margaret age 28and John age 11. Interestingly, 1860 census shows George has a one year old son, Leander.
Frances Diana Gaines, 1895 – 1908, married John Napoleon in 1895. According to article written about John Napoleon Maddox, his wife Fanny’s brother was Asa Lackey who was Mrs. Elias Brashears father. Fannie Maddox’s birth certificate, dated 1879, says her mother was Ann Melvin. Fannie’s marriage certificate, dated 1895, says her mother was Ann Lackey.
Elias Brashear married Sarah Etta Lackey on 28 October 1895 in Crawford County, Illinois. 93,452 Sarah’s father was Asa Lackey, 10 September 1848 – 28 March 1934. Based upon dates, Frances Gaines brother had to be a Gaines. However, it might be possible that John Gaines’s wife’s brother might have been Asa Lackey since he did have a sister, Ann E. Lackey.
Janice Earliene Carr said:
There are not only Maddoxes marrying Gaines, but there children & grandchildren does as well! Ann Maddox (daughter of Edward Maddox & Jane Speake) married William Brawner whose son Bazil & wife Mary ? Brawner’s daughter Anne Nancy Brawner married Augustine Gaines ( son on William Gaines & Jane “Jenny” Botts ) of Bristow, Mannassas, P.W. Co. Va. whom are my husband, James William Carr’s Great-Great- Great-Grandparents through his Great Grandmother, Virginia Mason Gaines, wife of James William Carr I , also of Bristow. > (See William Brawner’s will.) I am not at home right now, so this is by memory – hopefully there are no mistakes? If so, please let me know & when I can get to my records, I will correct everything? Thanks! Jan 8-2-14
Professor Maddox said:
This is great, Jan… please keep it coming!
Janice Earliene Carr said:
Thanks so much! I Just found this…… I don’t know whether the following have anything to do with this Blog or not, but since Virginia Mason Gaines (see above comment) is a descendant of Cornelius Maddox, I thought I would ask? As you can see she has Mason in her name. My whole married life I have always heard by older members of my husband’s family she was descended from the MASON family of Stafford Co., Va., but I have never found one bit of proof of direct kin. The closest I have come is a copy of a death certificate of hers saying she was born at Gunston Hall & gives her parents as Susan Botts (dau. Of Samuel BOTTS & Susanna STONE) & Albert Galantine GAINES( son of Augustine Gaines & Ann Nancy Brawner). > If anyone out there knows anything at all, I really would appreciate it? There was something else in reference to this, but I have forgotten for now. Jan Carr 10-23-14
Professor Maddox said:
This is a real brain teaser, Jan. Edward, who is claimed by some genealogists to be the father of Cornelius, was married to George Mason I’s widow. See https://hisxmark.com/category/edward-maddox/ for info on Edward. Your new information on the Gaines-Mason link is intriguing. I’d like to dig into it further. Do you have any more info?
I think I found a link to Maddox Mill. On the SCDAH archives online site, Richard Maddox was seeking permisson from the state to build a dam across the Saluda where his grist mill was near John Knight’s bridge in 1851. I think it is near present day Maddox Bridge Road that goes across the Saluda. I am unable to share it with you but you can look. it up yourself.
John Knight’s Bridge is formerly Ware’s Bridge on the 1820 Laurens map.
Patricia Trussell-Mann said:
I descend from John Broaddus Gaines son of Edmund Pendleton Gaines both buried at Old Gaines Chapel Cemetery Edmund’s father Rev Henry Gaines started the chapel. After wife Ann George (mother of all their 13 children) died he relocated to Pickens Co. Married again. Buried there.
The Gaines chapel is on west side of Maddox Bridge off left side of road behind a modern house.
Ann George buried there too. John Broaddus had grist mill there flood washed away.
Patricia Trussell (Mann)
Will Everett Trussell dad 1896-1972
Lou Della Hughes his mom 1872-1945
Eliz. Catherine Gaines
Will Bayliss ‘Billy’ Gaines (grist mill)
John Broaddus Gaines
Edmund Pendleton Gaines
Rev Henry Gaines
James Gaines md Mary Pendleton
Professor Maddox said:
This is great info, Patricia. Do you happen to have a family tree or other chart? And do you know the address of Gaines CHapel?