From the 17th century, the Maddoxes of our direct line planted or farmed in America for nearly 350 years. Almost two decades of research have revealed the locations of most of their plantations and fields in Colonial Maryland, South Carolina, Kentucky and Illinois.
Below are the known land sites, some rendered in watercolor by the artist Anne McGraw.
1. Edward Maddox, who arrived before 1672, owned the following land in Charles County, Maryland:
Greene’s Purchase: Charles County 1671-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 532-534: “Luke Greene acknowledged the ensueinge Conveyance unto Edward Maddock for two hundred acres of Land called Greenes Purchase in open Court Vizt…”
Lyons Hole: Charles County Circuit Court Liber R, Page 144: 31 Dec 1690; Indenture from Daniell Smith of St. Mary’s County, carpenter, to Henry Goodridge; for 6,000# tobacco; a tract called Lyons Hole; bounded by Richard Fowkes’ Vaineall; containing 100 acres; formerly granted to Edward Maddocks by patent; /s/ Daniell Smith (mark); wit. John Wilder, Cleborne Lomax; ack. by Elizabeth Smith, wife of Daniel. [Note:Edward is untitled in this transaction (normally he’s called “apothecary”), and it’s possible that this Edward Maddocks is the younger Edward.]
Stone Hill: Charles County Circuit Court Liber F, Page 22: 29 Oct 1674; Indenture from Henry Aspenall, planter, to Edward Maddocke, apothecary; for 20,000# of tobacco and 300 acres of Stone Hill; a tract called Doegs Neck on the south side of Piscataway River, bound by Chingamuxon Creek; laid out for 450 acres; also a parcel on the east side of the said neck by the sd creek containing 200 acres by patent granted Walter Hall 26 Apr 1658; Isl Henry Aspenall; wit. Richard Edelen, Stephen Murry.
Athey’s Hopewell: Charles County Circuit Court Liber F, Page 180: 12 Apr 1676; Indenture from Edward Maddock, apothecary, to Philip Carey; for 3,000# tobacco; a parcel called Athey’s Hopewell; containing 100 acres; /s/ Ed. Maddock; wit. Philip Lines, Luke Greene.
Maddock’s Folly: Charles County Circuit Court Liber F, Page 200: 8 Aug 1676; Indenture from Edward Maddock, apothecary, to Philip Lines; for 8,000# tobacco; a parcel called Maddock’s Folly; on the east side of Piscataway River; containing 350 acres; /s/ Edward Maddock; wit. Henry Bonner, Joshua Guibert, John Hamilton
Doges Neck: Charles County Circuit Court Liber H, Page 132: 5 Sep 1678; Indenture from Edward Maddock, apothecary, to John Reddick; for 30,000# tobacco; a parcel of land called Doges Neck; on the south side of the Piscataway River to the mouth of Chingamuxon Creek; laid out for 200 acres; /s/ Edward Maddock; wit. Rando. Brandt, Geo. Godfrey; acknowledged by Margery wife of Edward Maddock.
Cheshire: Charles County Circuit Court Liber I, Page 125: 5 Jun 1681; Indenture from Edward Maddock, apothecary, and Margery his wife, relict of Matthew Stone, to William Chandler, Gent.; a tract called Cheshires being part of Poynton Manor; inherited by Margery from the will of William Stone; containing 500 acres; for 40,000# of tobacco; /s/ Edward Maddock, Margery Maddock; wit. Tho. Hussy, John Richards.
Nanjemoy: Charles Co., MD, Land Record L #1, folio 142: 17 February 1684, Edward Maddock and wife Margery of Stafford Co., VA, conveyed 500 acres called “Nanjemoy” in Charles co. to Gerard Fowke.
After his 1684 sale of Nanjemoy, Edward resided on a 500-acre tract along the Passapatanzy Creek in Stafford County, Virginia (now King George County), until his death in 1694. He willed this land to the local Stafford Parish (later called Overwharton Parish) of Stafford County (xvii.). The Northern Neck historian Jerrilyn Eby assesses that Edward’s house was located between modern Glebe Road and Bethel Baptist Church on Virginia State Road 218, which would place it at about 38.300587, -77.346150.
In addition to his Passapatanzy property, in Virginia he owned at least 500 acres “about a mile below the falls” of the Rappahanock River in Stafford County – a site that would later serve as George Washington’s boyhood home, and he owned 600 acres just south of Potomac Creek in Stafford County as a result of his marriage to George Mason I’s widow. In his twilight – around 1690 – he invested in Plot #15 of the planned Marlborough Town, in Stafford County.
2. Also in Charles County, Maryland, Edward’s son Cornelius Maddox bought a 60-acre tract called Tatshall (a.k.a.Tatall/Totsall/Tattsall/Tasch Hall/Nuthall) in 1684 and in 1688 sold it to his father-in-law James Smallwood. Tatshall lay east of Portobacco Fresh and west of Zekiah Swamp (where the Piscataway Indians had a fort), “adjoining to the land called Moores Ditch at the exterior bound thereof,” and abutting land owned by Shaw, Lindsey and Smallwood. Zekiah Swamp was a center of Colonial Maryland commerce at the time. This locates the land just south of modern La Plata, Maryland, and just north of the Potomac River. Odds are very good that the tract was located along Maddox Branch, which flows from 38.46744, -76.981926 to 38.475227, -76.957444, into Zekiah Swamp Run.
3. Benjamin Maddox (I)’s tobacco plantation Hornfair, in Charles County, Maryland, at 38.445989, -77.214779 – just south-west of Nanjemoy and east of the Potomac River – is pictured below. Benjamin (I) also owned Posey’s Chance and Hornfair Addition. Benjamin (II) inherited Posey’s Chance and Hornfair. Benjamin (II) sold the land as he and the family prepared to move to South Carolina in 1790.
4. Benjamin Maddox (II)’s farmland in Abbeville County, South Carolina, approximated at 34.43823, -82.272513 – just northwest of Maddox Bridge and Maddox Shoals on the Saluda River – is pictured below. The Maddox family had extensive land interests in Abbeville County and adjacent Laurens County, including a Maddox Mill. Benjamin (III) left the area around the time of his father’s death in 1811.
5. Joseph Maddox’s farm “along the meanders of the Tradewater River,” in Christian County, Kentucky, at 37.036721, -87.519756, is pictured below. Of all the Maddox farms and plantations, Joseph’s 200 acre spread in Christian County, Kentucky, probably is the most visually attractive, being situated within a picturesque stream-fed valley just west of Crofton and east of the Pennyrile Forest, at the “meanders of the Tradewater River,” according to deeds. His green-roofed farmhouse remains there today, restored by its current owner, who continues to grow tobacco and corn and raise cattle, just as Joseph did.
6. John Napoleon Maddox’s Sunny Side Stock Farm, in Crawford County, Illinois, at 38.914757, -87.604777 – just west of the Wabash River – is pictured below. The Maddox family, including Benjamin (III), Joseph and John Napoleon, settled here and ran farms here, beginning with Benjamin (III) in 1837 at the latest. Maddox Cemetery is located on former family land and many ancestors are buried there. The Maddox land in Crawford County is just west of the Devil’s Backbone (aka Purgatory Road – now probably SR33), so called because of a terrible snake-infested swamp in its path. Also nearby are the Devil’s Neck (3 miles south of Palestine along the Wabash River), and Hell’s Half Acre (a place of ill repute in the 19th century, along the Wabash River in northeast Montgomery Township).